The world in an exhibit

first_imgFor every remarkable object displayed in the new exhibition celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology & Ethnology, visitors might be just as impressed by some other object they can’t so readily see.There are more than 1.25 million items in the Peabody collections, only a choice sampling of which could fit into the display cases for the exhibition “All the World Is Here: Harvard’s Peabody Museum and the Invention of American Anthropology,” which opened in April. Alluring in another way, though, is the critical role the museum played in birthing a new social science.“It’s tempting to say that Frederic Putnam … almost single-handedly invented American anthropology as an academic field,” said Castle McLaughlin (right), curator of North American ethnography. Gary Urton (left) is chair of Harvard’s Department of Anthropology. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer“It’s tempting to say that Frederic Putnam, who served here as the second director of the museum from 1875 to 1909, almost single-handedly invented American anthropology as an academic field,” said Castle McLaughlin, curator of North American ethnography. “He started the anthropology department in 1890 and chaired it, and was responsible for designing anthropology exhibits at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893, which led to the creation of the Field Museum of Natural History. He founded or co-founded dozens of publications and organizations. It’s amazing to realize all that he accomplished for museums and the field of anthropology.”More than 250,000 people visit the Peabody every year, and millions more enjoy pieces loaned to other museums around the world.“In some sense these collections belong to everyone,” said Jane Pickering, executive director of the Harvard Museums of Science & Culture. “We want everyone to experience and enjoy these collections through our exhibits and programs. This is one of the few places in the world where people can see such spectacular objects that represent the amazing diversity of human cultures.”Walking into the restored fourth-floor gallery, visitors see first a sledge that Adm. Robert Peary used on his 1891-92 exploration of Greenland. Putnam helped to support Peary’s expedition and asked him to collect Inuit objects for display at the 1893 Chicago fair. Peabody conservation specialists have identified the five species used to make the vehicle as narwhal, walrus, whale, caribou, and seal.A sledge that Adm. Robert Peary used on his 1891-92 exploration of Greenland is located on the fourth-floor gallery. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer“In the second half of the 19th century, Putman was a key figure in starting to codify theories and information about human prehistory. Then new technologies came along that enabled us to learn new things about our historic collections,” McLaughlin said.Many objects in the exhibition, including some from Asia, Oceania, and the Americas, are rarely seen treasures, and can prompt a double take from visitors. There’s a hand-carved effigy pipe of a flying man dressed in a sailor’s uniform, with an ornate pineapple design on his pants; a “FeeJee Mermaid,” a skeletal fish-monkey artifact made in the 1800s from papier-mâché, wood, and fish skin; a model replica of Serpent Mound, an indigenous prehistoric site in Ohio that Putnam purchased to protect the archaeological remains; and a sailor’s cap from Lewis and Clark’s early 1800s expedition to the American Northwest.“When most people think of anthropology, they think of curators going out and making systematic collections in distant, exotic places. But the earliest ethnographic collections in the Peabody were given by regional institutions such as the Massachusetts Historical Society and the Boston Athenaeum, where sea captains in the late-18th-century China trade deposited souvenirs they acquired from Native American trade partners on the Northwest Coast. Private patrons like Mary Hemenway played a huge role in supporting field research and donating collections, especially in the days before public funding existed,” said McLaughlin.So closely tied are the museum and Harvard’s Department of Anthropology that Gary Urton, acting director of the museum and chair of the department, said many faculty still informally carry the title of curator.“In the early days, the museum and the department were very closely connected. That close connection has existed for the history of the life of these two institutions, from the 1860s to the present day,” he said.The sculptures of “Average Male and Female Students” (also known as “the Typical Man and Woman”) were on display at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. They were created from Dudley Sargent’s extensive measurements of thousands of students, primarily from Harvard and Radcliffe. Courtesy of Peabody Museum of Archaeology & Ethnology, © President and Fellows of Harvard CollegeHarvard Museums of Science & Culture’s Sam Tager views the sculptures now positioned side by side. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff PhotographerArches in the gallery set off objects and ephemera from the Chicago World’s Fair. Curators Ilisa Barbash and Diana Loren displayed a pair of sculptures known as “the Typical Man and Woman,” cast according to measurements taken from thousands of people, including Harvard students, by the director of the Hemenway gymnasium in the 1890s.“Some of the early research raises sensitive issues in today’s social and political climate. In addition, there was an inherent problem in the way collecting was done among what were then colonized or only recently decolonized societies. This exhibit provides the stimulus to think deeply and critically about such issues as earlier ideas of race and the conditions under which collections were formed. We don’t like to pretend these things didn’t happen,” said McLaughlin, who said the museum hosted a yearlong series of lectures titled “Race, Representation, and Museums” to address some of these topics in depth.Rather than aggressively acquiring new objects, the museum now works with Native American tribes to return sacred objects to their ancestral homes and to  incorporate native voices in interpreting and understanding the materials. Many faculty and museum curators collaborate closely with groups to help preserve their history and traditions in the museum and beyond.William L. Fash, Bowditch Professor of Central American and Mexican Archaeology and Ethnology, and his wife, Barbara, director of the Peabody Museum’s Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions Program, have worked in Copan, Honduras, for nearly 40 years, studying and preserving Maya ruins, and working with government staff and local students and teachers in cultural heritage work.Native peoples of Ohio crafted delicately cut effigies from sheets of mica during the Hopewell period. This effigy was recovered at an archaeological investigation conducted by Frederic Ward Putnam and Charles L. Metz. Courtesy of Peabody Museum of Archaeology & Ethnology, © President and Fellows of Harvard College“We are standing on the shoulders of giants at the Peabody,” Fash said. “But now the countries and Native American communities we work in are deeply involved in historical archaeological inquiry. It’s actually fulfilling the original mission of the museum — archaeology and ethnology — in a conjoined way rather than in separate approaches. In some sense, the traditional roles are reversed in collaborative work of this sort because we scholars learn so much from the descendant populations, and we do our best to enhance their work in preserving traditional knowledge and practices.”Where future engagement will lead the Peabody is the question for the next 150 years, said Urton, who believes the role and work of anthropologists will continue to evolve.“Anthropology was initially interested in the colonized and the dispossessed. In this regard, the field wasn’t founded to study Western cultures; rather, its original focus was on non-Western societies. Now that we are all living in a global, transcultural world, these new circumstances cause us to rethink both the role of the museum and of anthropology in general,” he said. “We must ask: What is our role in the academy and in the world if our original subjects and their circumstances have changed so radically? Is it possible for anthropology and museums to remake themselves together? Or will there inevitably be a different path forward for each?”The Peabody Museum is open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. except for Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve and Day, and New Year’s Day.last_img read more

The Perfect Bar…For Now

first_imgWhen I say Wallace station is my favorite new bar, I’m not telling the whole truth. First of all, Wallace Station isn’t actually a bar. From what I can tell, it’s a southern style restaurant that seems to be a big hit with families. But they sell cold beer. And they have a big lawn with picnic tables and horseshoe pits. Also, it’s exactly 8.2 miles from the Woodford Reserve distillery, right in the middle of Kentucky’s horse country on the outskirts of Lexington. And when I find it one hot Tuesday afternoon, I happen to be deep into a road bike ride connecting a few of Kentucky’s finest distilleries. So yeah, to me, it’s a bar. And when you combine its location with the horseshoe puts and the big hardwoods that shade me and my riding partners from the sun (little known fact: the sun is just a little bit hotter in Kentucky), it quickly becomes my favorite bar.We park our bikes in the shade, find some cold canned local beers and immediately start throwing shoes. Cornhole gets a lot of attention these days in the world of lawn games, but I like throwing heavy iron half circles through the air at a pole stuck in the ground. Call me old fashioned. Plus, this is horse country, so it feels right.For an appetizer, I work my way through a Country Boy Cougar Bait, a really light ale made in Lexington that goes down fast. Then I settle into the main course, an IPA from West Sixth Brewing, also out of Lexington. It’s fruity and bitter and a hell of a lot more intoxicating than the Country Boy. So I have another and throw some more shoes. We have 11 miles to go before we’re done, and the sun is starting to get lower in the sky but there’s no hurry. When you stumble upon a bar like Wallace Station, which is, in my opinion the perfect bar even if only for this single moment in time, you can’t just ride away.last_img read more

Compliance: NCUA releases new call report form, instructions

first_img continue reading » NCUA has released its new call report form and accompanying instructions, which become effective Sept. 30. For credit unions engaged in commercial lending, most notable are the updates reflecting the January 2017 changes to the member business lending (MBL) rule.The MBL rule creates a distinction between MBLs and commercial loans, and the new call report form is updated to report the separate categories.The call report instructions contain a list to help clarify the distinction between the two loan types, similar to the chart created earlier this year by CUNA compliance staff.The Instructions also explain that the reporting of commercial loans will be broken down into subcategories such as: 25SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

China’s COVID-19 vaccine candidate shows promise in human trials, CNBG says

first_imgTopics : CNBG said it is proactively seeking opportunities for late-stage and large-scale Phase 3 trials overseas.”have secured cooperative intent with companies and institutes in many countries,” the company said in a statement.State media reported that the vaccine candidate, along with a different experimental shot developed by Sinopharm’s unit, has been offered to Chinese employees at state-owned firms travelling overseas as developers seek more data on their efficacy.China has five vaccine candidates for COVID-19 in human trials, the most in any country.China’s vaccine maker Sinovac Biotech (Sinovac) released over the weekend positive preliminary clinical trial results for its potential vaccine candidate, which is expected to be tested in a Phase 3 trial in Brazil. China National Biotec Group (CNBG) said on Tuesday its experimental coronavirus vaccine has triggered antibodies in clinical trials and the company plans late-stage human trials in foreign countries.No vaccines have been solidly proven to be able to effectively protect people from the virus that has killed more than 400,000 people, while multiple candidates are in various stages of development globally.The vaccine, developed by a Wuhan-based research institute affiliated to CNBG’s parent company China National Pharmaceutical Group (Sinopharm), was found to have induced high-level antibodies in all inoculated people without serious adverse reaction, according to the preliminary data from a clinical trial initiated in April involving 1,120 healthy participants aged between 18 and 59.last_img read more

Social media influencers key actors in democracy: Palace

first_imgThe State Palace has defended the use of social media influencers to promote public policies, claiming the opinion leaders spearheaded the country’s digital transformation and democracy.Presidential spokesperson Fadjroel Rachman said influencers played a vital role as “key opinion leaders” to help communicate public policy in a connected society dominated by a digitally active middle class.“The active role of these digital actors is an inevitability in the country’s digital transformation. They will continue to grow their important roles in developing an information network to affect social, economic and productive political activities,” Fadjroel wrote in a statement on Monday. He added that President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo had urged the country to push through a digital change as a prerequisite for a digital economic and democratic transformation. “Therefore, many policies need to be based on digital society and system.”Read also: ‘Unhealthy in a democracy’: Concerns mount over govt using ‘influencers’ to promote policiesThe government has been criticized for using social media influencers to promote its policies. Civil society groups have expressed concern that such a practice might be used to cover up problems in policies and muddle the public discourse.A study issued by Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) found that President Jokowi’s administration had spent Rp 90.4 billion (US$6 million) since its first term in office on goods and services procurement containing the word “influencers” in the documents.NGOs fear social media influencers might speak beyond their capacity or without proper disclosure that their content is sponsored or under a paid partnership with the government.Several social media influencers came under fire in August for posting content supporting the controversial omnibus bill on job creation using the hashtag #IndonesiaButuhKerja (Indonesia Needs Jobs).While denying that the campaign had been ordered by the government, an expert with the Executive Office of the Presidential, Donny Gahral Adian, argued that using influencers to promote policies was fair enough, because they could reach a broad audience through social media.Topics :last_img read more

Red ink for Repsol amid sharp drop in oil and gas prices

first_imgIn the case of gas, the drops were even sharper, ranging from 36 per cent, on the Henry Hub, to 56 per cent on the Algonquín. In the first quarter of 2020, Repsol recorded an adjusted net income of €447 million, which represents a decrease of 27.7 per cent compared to the €618 million registered in the same period the previous year. The Upstream business posted an income of €90 million, compared to €323 million between January and March 2019. Average production increased by 1.4 per cent, to 710,300 barrels of oil equivalent per day. With a negative impact of €790 million ($864.4Mn), the resulting net loss in the first quarter of 2020 was €487 million ($532.9Mn) compared to a profit of €608 million ($665.3Mn) in 1Q 2019. This volatility and decline in international commodities prices has reduced the valuation of the company’s inventories to an extraordinary degree. Repsol also said that, despite the adverse context, the commitment to a shareholder remuneration of 1 euro per share in 2020 will be maintained. Reducing expenses Upstream performancecenter_img The plan includes initiatives that will represent additional reductions of more than 350 million euros in operating expenses and over 1 billion in investments. Spanish oil and gas company Repsol posted a significant quarterly loss after being hit by volatility and decline in oil and gas prices, but it delivered an increased output during the period. It will also include optimizations of working capital of nearly 800 million with respect to what was initially budgeted. To address the current circumstances, Repsol adopted a Resilience Plan for 2020. This result was achieved in a context of exceptional complexity, marked by a sharp drop in oil and gas prices, a drastic decrease in demand triggered by Covid-19. The average price of Brent and WTI crude oils dropped by 21 per cent and 17 per cent, respectively, compared to the first three months of 2019. At the end of the quarter, Brent traded at under $20 per barrel. The results of this area have been hampered primarily by the extraordinary drop in international commodities reference prices. last_img read more

India’s Kohli calls Bumrah the most complete bowler around

first_img(REUTERS) – India captain Virat Kohli has declared Jasprit Bumrah as “the most complete bowler in world cricket” after the quick’s stellar performance in their 2-0 series sweep against West Indies.Set an improbable target of 468 late on day three, West Indies lost their final six wickets for 51 runs and were bowled out of 210 to hand India a 257-run win in the second Test at Sabina Park on Monday.Bumrah finished as the leading wicket-taker in the series with 13 dismissals at an exceptional average of 9.23, which follows his impressive performance at this year’s World Cup.“There is not much you can say about Jasprit, the way he has been bowling,” Kohli told a news conference. “All we can say is we are really lucky to have him on our team.“He confuses you with angles, with swing, he’ll set up for the outswinger, then bowl the inswinger, and it’s coming at a pace, and then he can hit you with bouncers as well. So, I think he is the most complete bowler in world cricket right now.”Bowling at sustained pace and moving the ball through the air and off the seam, Bumrah ripped through the Windies batting order twice in the series, including a hat-trick in the first innings spell of 6-27 in the second Test.His devastating spell of 5-7 in the first Test made him the first bowler from Asia to take five-wicket hauls in Australia, England, South Africa and the West Indies – in only his 11th Test.“He has absolute control of what he is doing. So when he steps out on the field, he knows how much he can contribute for the team,” Kohli said.“It is really pleasing to see a guy who was tagged as a T20 specialist, he came in and took over the one-day scene, and now he is taking over Test cricket.”Kohli was also impressed with Hanuma Vihari’s assuring presence at the crease as the middle-order batsman enjoyed a breakthrough series in the Caribbean.The 25-year-old finished as the top run-scorer with 289 runs that included a century and two half-centuries.“I think the find of the series has to be Hanuma Vihari,” Kohli added.“The way he has batted under pressure … his skills were outstanding, his temperament was top notch.”India’s series sweep helped them claim the top spot in the inaugural World Test Championship with 120 points ahead of their home series against South Africa.New Zealand and Sri Lanka, who shared their series 1-1, follow with 60 points each.last_img read more

Badgers skate to tie vs. top-ranked Denver

first_imgSenior forward and tri-captain Blake Geoffrion netted two goals in the third-ranked Badgers\’ 3-3 tie with No. 1 Denver at the Kohl Center.[/media-credit]All it took was one goal Friday night for the third-ranked Badgers to get going.Unfortunately for head coach Mike Eaves’ squad, however, the momentum they built over a four-minute stretch in the third period did not prove to be enough as Wisconsin skated to a 3-3 tie with No. 1 Denver at the Kohl Center.Still, the tie was a positive result for Eaves and the Badgers.“I think the result was what you might expect from two top college teams in the hockey world,” Eaves said. “It was an interesting game. I thought that we came out and played pretty well. … It was fun to see us get the momentum going a little bit.”For the first 45 minutes, though, the game was all Denver.After both teams went scoreless for more than 16 minutes, Pioneers forward Joe Colborne netted a power play goal to give DU the 1-0 lead. They would maintain that lead for the next 25-plus minutes before extending it to 2-0 less than two minutes into the third period.At that point, UW appeared to be headed for a disappointing home loss to the nation’s top team. Just three minutes later, however, the game completely turned around.At the 4:31 mark of the period, senior forward and tri-captain Blake Geoffrion tipped in a strong wrist shot from fellow senior Michael Davies to cut the margin in half and ignite the announced crowd of 12,603.When the puck hit the net, it was clear the game was far from over.“After their first goal, the building started rocking again,” DU forward Anthony Maiani said. “You knew they were going to get momentum going and it’s a tough thing to do. … It was tough, they took us right out of it.”Not only did Geoffrion’s 16th goal of the season get the Badgers on the board, it also broke DU goalie Marc Cheverie’s shutout streak of more than 180 minutes against UW.Once that happened, Wisconsin knew it could score on the Nova Scotia native.“I think it was good for our confidence,” Geoffrion said. “It was just good to finally see a puck get by.”Wisconsin’s second goal came less than three minutes later at the 7:15 mark when Davies put in his own goal this time, on a pass behind Cheverie, who left the net wide open on his right side.Davies’ goal tied it up and the cardinal and red clad crowd erupted. Less than 90 seconds later, they would have even more to cheer for.At the 8:43 mark, Geoffrion struck again, thanks in large part to an excellent feed from the left side by sophomore forward Jordy Murray. When Geoffrion netted the goal to put UW ahead 3-2, the noise was deafening in the Kohl Center.According to Cheverie, the Pioneers seemed to let up after taking the 2-0 lead early in the third.“That’s our story all year long, we let up,” he said. “We sat back and you know, you can’t do that at this level, especially on the road against a team like Wisconsin. They’re going to make you pay if you do that.”Yet, the game’s fifth goal was still far from the end.A little more than nine minutes later, Denver tied things up with a goal from Maiani, which eventually sent the game into overtime.Both teams had plenty of chances to score in the game’s final two minutes of regulation and the overtime period, but the goalies for the Badgers and Pioneers stepped up to end it 3-3.While both Wisconsin and Denver may be a bit fortunate to get the tie in their own ways, it was still a bittersweet feeling.“You never feel good about a tie,” Cheverie said. “But we were lucky to get back in that game.”last_img read more

Burgess bow out of Senior Club championship

first_imgA 3-8 to 3-6 defeat by Slaughtneil of Derry means they won’t be going to Croke Park in the spring.Camogie expert Mossie Finn made the long trip to Monaghan for the game.He says the Tipp side could have done with a bit more firepower…last_img

Feehan impresses after late call up

first_imgBrendan Maher praised Feehan’s work on the pitch. Paudie Feehan has emerged as one of the success stories from Tipp’s win over Waterford at the weekend.The Killenaule clubman was called on to start minutes before throw-in, when seasoned campaigner Cathal Barrett was ruled not fit enough to play.The Premier overcame the Deise at Semple Stadium to register their first points of the National Hurling League campaign. Photo © Tipp FMlast_img