Scaling of basal metabolic rate with body mass and temperature in mammals

first_img1. We present a statistical analysis of the scaling of resting (basal) metabolic rate, BMR, with body mass, Bm and body temperature, Tb, in mammals. 2. Whilst the majority of the variance in ln BMR is explained by ln Bm, the Tb term is statistically significant. The best fit model was quadratic, indicating that the scaling of ln BMR with ln Bm varies with body size; the value of any scaling exponent estimated for a sample of mammals will therefore depend on the size distribution of species in the study. This effect can account for much of the variation in scaling exponents reported in the literature for mammals. 3. In all models, inclusion of Tb reduced the strength of scaling with ln Bm. The model including Tb suggests that birds and mammals have a similar underlying thermal dependence of BMR, equivalent to a Q10 of 2·9 across the range of Tb values 32–42 °C. 4. There was significant heterogeneity in both the mass scaling exponent and mean BMR across mammalian orders, with a tendency for orders dominated by larger taxa to have steeper scaling exponents. This heterogeneity was particularly marked across orders with smaller mean Bm and the taxonomic composition of the sample will thus also affect the observed scaling exponent. After correcting for the effects of ln Bm and Tb, Soricomorpha, Didelphimorphia and Artiodactyla had the highest BMR of those orders represented by more than 10 species in the data set. 5. Inclusion of Tb in the model removed the effect of diet category evident from a model in ln Bm alone and widely reported in the literature; this was caused by a strong interaction between diet category and Tb in mammals. 6. Inclusion of mean ambient temperature, Ta, in the model indicated a significant inverse relationship between ln BMR and Ta, complicated by an interaction between Ta and Tb. All other things being equal, a polar mammal living at −10 °C has a body temperature ∼2·7 °C warmer and a BMR higher by ∼40% than a tropical mammal of similar size living at 25 °C.last_img read more

TO THE RESCUE (Mary J. Donohoe)

first_imgTO THE RESCUE — Brayden Melyan was saved by a brave firefighter during a fire safety lesson in Mrs. Murphy’s P.M. Pre-Kindergarten Class at Mary J. Donohoe School.  A big thank you to the Bayonne Fire Department for making our afternoon extra special. ×last_img

Featured Vacation Rental: March 3rd

first_imgFor complete details about this rental, including more photos, rates, amenities, availability, interactive map of the exact location, and reviews from previous guests, visit VROCNJ Listing #130 and contact the owner direct to save on booking fees!Isn’t quite what you are looking for?Search hundreds of Ocean City Vacation Rentals at VROCNJ.comOwn a Vacation Rental in Ocean City, NJ? Advertise it on VROCNJ for as little as $249/year! NO Commissions or Booking Fees! List Your Property on Today! Address: 851 Park Place, Ocean City, NJ 08226VROCNJ Listing #130Located just 1 block from the Beach and Boardwalk this 5 bedroom, 4 bath condo sleeps 13 people in the luxurious North End of Ocean City, NJ!It is a property that you dream about during the cold and dreary days of winter as a true vacation getaway! It is ideal for a multigenerational family—parents, kids and grandparents can vacation with aunts, uncles and cousins under one roof and have plenty of space to spread out.Plus, the house has a state of the art technology and entertainment system with Google Home, Roku TV transmitted through a Sonos sound system. The owners are committed to offer a fair price for a ‘home’ that is nicer and has more amenities than any other home in its price range on the north end.last_img read more

Tedeschi Trucks Band & Drive-By Truckers Trade Sit-Ins As ‘Wheels Of Soul’ Hits Tuscaloosa

first_imgSetlist: Tedeschi Trucks Band | Tuscaloosa Amphitheater | Tuscaloosa, AL | 6/30/18Set: Show Me, Do I Look Worried, Midnight In Harlem, Just As Strange, Don’t Know What It Means, Shame, How Blue Can You Get?, I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel To Be Free, I Want MoreEncore: A Song For You, Bound For Glory On Friday night, Tedeschi Trucks Band rolled into Tuscaloosa, AL’s with The Marcus King Band and Drive-By Truckers for the second stop on their 2018 Wheels of Soul tour following Thursday’s tour opener in Jacksonville.After an opening set by Marcus King and company, Drive-By Truckers took the stage for their performance. While it customarily takes a few shows for everyone to get comfortable with their Wheels of Soul touring partners before commencing with the sit-ins, the second night of the run saw the mix-and-matching begin early. Midway through the Truckers’ set, Patterson Hood welcomed out a slew of guests for a cover of Eddie Hinton‘s “Everybody Needs Love”, including his father and Muscle Shoals legend David Hood as well as Derek Trucks, Mike Mattison, Mark Rivers, and Alecia Chakour of Tedeschi Trucks Band. Watch fan-shot footage of the collab below:Drive-By Truckers w/ David Hood, Derek Trucks, Mike Mattison, Mark Rivers, Alecia Chakour – “Everybody Needs Love” (Eddie Hinton cover)[Video: Matt Williamson]Setlist: Drive-By Truckers | Tuscaloosa Amphitheater | Tuscaloosa, AL | 6/30/18Set: Ramon Casiano, Lookout Mountain, Uncle Frank, Babies In Cages, Shit Shots Count, Ronnie and Neil, Women Without Whiskey, Everybody Needs Love (Eddie Hinton cover), Filthy and Fried, The Righteous Path, A Ghost to Most, Let There Be RockTedeschi Trucks Band later took the stage for their headlining set, opening with a cover of Joe Tex‘s “Show Me” for their second time in as many days, though only their third time ever. The show kept charging forward with a run of TTB favorites new and old including “Do I Look Worried”, “Midnight In Harlem”, “Just As Strange”, “Don’t Know What It Means”, and “Shame”, followed by a rendition of blues standard “How Blue Can You Get?”With the “wheels” already greased during Drive-By Truckers’ set, TTB welcomed out Patterson and David Hood to sit in on Cowboy/Gregg Allman tune “All My Friends”, and keep the “freight train” running through their cover of Bob Dylan‘s “Down In The Flood”. Finally, the set came to a close with a soulful rendition of Billy Taylor‘s “I Wish I Knew How It Feels To Be Free” and a rocking “I Want More”, before a “Bound For Glory” encore closed another fantastic night of music.You can check out photos of the traded sit-ins below via Tedeschi Trucks Band on Facebook. The Wheels of Soul tour is bound for Charleston, SC tonight, July 1st, followed by a performance at Saratoga Performing Arts Center on Tuesday, July 3rd. For a full list of upcoming dates, head here.last_img read more

Joe Russo Releases New Solo Album, ‘phér•bŏney’ [Listen]

first_imgDrummer Joe Russo (Joe Russo’s Almost Dead) has released a new album of solo material, phér•bŏney. The album was recorded by Russo at Woodlot Recording in Brooklyn, NY, with additional recording and mixing/mastering by D. James Goodwin at The Isokon in Woodstock, NY.Each of the album’s nine tracks was written and performed by Russo, with several songs also featuring work by Joe’s various regular collaborators. “phér•bŏney love theme” features tenor sax from Erik Lawrence. “Can’t Wink” features Robbie Mangano on baritone guitar and synth bass. “Molly & Anni” features Mangano on electric, acoustic, and baritone guitars as well as Stuart Bogie on tenor sax. “Perfectabilitarians” again features Mangano on electric and acoustic guitar and piano with Jon Shaw also playing electric and upright bass. “The Wow! Signal” features Josh Kaufman on electric guitar and bass and Stuart Bogie on tenor sax. “Waters of March” is the sole song on the album not written by Russo, with music and lyrics credited toAntônio Carlos Jobim.The sonically avant-garde jazz fusion record plays with a litany of ethereal, ambient tones and genre-bending sensibilities—a welcome change of pace for drummer most frequently heard these days playing music from the Grateful Dead‘s rock and roll repertoire with JRAD.You can listen to Joe Russo’s new album, phér•bŏney, below via Spotify or YouTube:Joe Russo – phér•bŏney – Full Album You can also check out a full tracklisting and album cover art designed by Baptiste Ibar below.Joe Russo – phér•bŏney – Album Tracklisting1. phér•bŏney love theme2. Can’t Wink3. Molly & Anni4. Perfectabilitarians5. Waters of March6. You’re So Delicate7. Wild8. Elf/Man9. The Wow! SignalView TracklistingJoe Russo will be back in action out west with Joe Russo’s Almost Dead at the end of this month. On Friday, May 31st, JRAD will perform at the Cuthbert Amphitheater in Eugene, OR. The band will continue their weekend run from there with shows at Redmond, WA’s Marymoor Amphitheater on Saturday, June 1st, and at Bonner-west Riverside, MT’s KettleHouse Amphitheater on Sunday, June 2nd.For a full list of Joe Russo’s Almost Dead’s upcoming tour dates, head to the band’s website here.last_img read more

Obesity trends will snuff out health gains from decline in smoking

first_imgIf obesity trends continue, the negative effect on the health of the U.S. population will overtake the benefits gained from declining smoking rates, according to a study by Harvard and University of Michigan researchers published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.“In the past 15 years, smoking rates have declined by 20 percent, but obesity rates have increased by 48 percent,” says lead author Susan T. Stewart, Ph.D, a Harvard research associate for the joint project of the National Bureau of Economic Research and Harvard’s Interfaculty Program for Health System Improvement. “If past trends continue, nearly half of the population – 45 percent – is projected to be obese by 2020.”Using a technical analysis that includes forecasting future trends based on historical data, researchers found that despite declines in smoking, the remaining life expectancy of a typical 18-year-old would be held back by 0.71 years by the year 2020 because of the increased body-mass index of the general population. The researchers also looked at quality of life. That same 18-year-old could expect to give up 0.91 years of increased quality-adjusted life expectancy.If all U.S. adults became nonsmokers of normal weight by 2020, their life expectancy would be forecast to increase by 3.76 years or 5.16 quality-adjusted years.“Obesity plays a large role in life expectancy,” said co-author Allison B. Rosen, assistant professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan. “Despite the fact that we are smoking less, body-mass indexes (BMI) are going up. These increases in obesity are overtaking these changes in smoking behaviors.”However, the researchers say the study’s results don’t imply that life expectancy will fall – more likely, life expectancy will continue to rise due to other factors, but less rapidly than it otherwise would.In addition to better managing clinical risk factors such as blood sugar among those who are obese, effective public health efforts are needed to address the roots of obesity, like sedentary lifestyles, the widespread availability of high-calorie food in large portions and reduced time for the preparation of food at home, says David Cutler, Ph.D., another co-author of this study and Otto Eckstein Professor of Applied Economics in the department of economics and Kennedy School of GovernmentRosen said this study does not indicate that people are getting heavier because they are not smoking. The weight gain associated with quitting smoking is temporary and thus not significant enough to drive the rising trend in increased BMIs.Public health efforts to discourage smoking have worked, and a similar effort could help turn around obesity rates, Rosen said. Many weight control interventions have proven successful and their use should be encouraged.“Losing weight is harder than quitting smoking. People don’t have to smoke to live. People have to eat to live,” she said.“The hypothetical scenario of having everyone a non-smoker of normal weight may be unachievable. But these results show the dramatic toll that both smoking and obesity can have on both the length of life and the quality of life.”The study was funded by the National Institute on Aging, the Harvard Interfaculty Program for Health Systems Improvement and the Lasker Foundation.last_img read more

A.R.T. announces two new executive appointments

first_imgTwo prominent theater producers, one from London’s famed Royal Court Theatre and one from Broadway and Broadway Across America, have been named to new leadership posts at Harvard’s American Repertory Theater (A.R.T.) by Artistic Director Diane Paulus. Diane Borger has been named A.R.T. producer and Tiffani Gavin has been named the director of finance and administration at the A.R.T.Diane Borger joined the A.R.T. last fall as the executive producer for “Sleep No More,” and will now be taking on the full-time position of producer for the A.R.T. Borger spent over a decade as general manager at the Royal Court Theatre in London, where she produced more than 150 productions, including “The Seagull,” “Rock’n’Roll,” and “The Weir,” which she also transferred to Broadway in New York.Previously, Borger spent 13 years as deputy head of the Great Britain’s National Theatre of Studio, where she oversaw the readings and workshops and classes for some of the most prominent playwrights, actors, and directors in the United Kingdom. Borger has a master of arts in theater from Ohio State University. Now, 30 years after moving to London to begin a career in British theater, she returns to the United States to take on the mantle of producer.Tiffani Gavin most recently served as the senior director of professional licensing at Theatrical Rights Worldwide, where she engaged in strategic planning, branding the company in a competitive marketplace and marketing the artists’ work represented by the company.Prior to that work, Gavin was the executive producer for Clear Channel Entertainment, where she focused on business development and was responsible for executing the day-to-day activities of administering Clear Channel’s Broadway and off-Broadway shows. She was the architect of the “Urban Broadway Series” project that focused on reaching out to and introducing more diverse audiences to the theater. After graduating from Brown University, Gavin began her theater career at the New York Shakespeare Festival/Public Theater. Later, she was company manager for Blue Man Group and spent two seasons as engagement manager for the multiple national tours of “Phantom of the Opera.”Borger and Gavin are joining the A.R.T. at a key juncture as the theater rides on the success of Paulus’ inaugural season as artistic director and gears up for “Johnny Baseball,” the world premiere of the new musical about the Red Sox, among other plans for next season.“After an extensive national search, and the review of literally hundreds of highly qualified candidates, I am honored to be moving forward with an executive team of this caliber and experience. I have every confidence that Diane and Tiffani are the right people to lead the theater in this transformational moment,” said Paulus. “As we work towards expanding the boundaries of theater, and revolutionizing the theater experience, I am so thrilled to have Diane and Tiffani as part of the leadership of the A.R.T.”last_img read more

Champlain College interns participate in trade mission to Asia

first_imgTwo International Business students at Champlain College will join a Vermont Chamber of Commerce trade mission to Asia in mid-October. Laura Herrema and Elizabeth Claflin will travel with a delegation of Vermont legislators and business people for an 11-day trip to Shanghai, China, Hong Kong, and Taipei, Taiwan.For these students, the internship is providing learning experiences that can’t be gleaned from a textbook. This rare opportunity is supported through a US Department of Education “Business and International Education” grant received by Champlain College. The students have been working with Curtis Picard, Vice President of International Trade at the Chamber, to promote the trip, complete research, and work on the logistics of the trade mission.last_img

Unicel adds new cell sites

first_imgUNICEL ADDS CELL SITES IN WAITSFIELD AND ACROSS VERMONTWaitsfield, Vt.; Oct. 3, 2008 – Unicel has added five new cell sites in the past few months, bringing the total number of Unicel cell sites in Vermont to 126. The wireless services company plans to add as many as 12 more cell sites this year, providing Vermont residents, business people and travelers with the benefits of its advanced network.Unicel announced its most recent cell sites today with Gov. Douglas at the Waitsfield Inn, the historic home to one of Unicel’s latest cell sites.Working closely with innkeepers Mike and Ronda Kelley as well as a consultant to the Vermont Department of Historic Preservation, Unicel’s latest cell site is virtually invisible. The antennae used for the cell site is completely enclosed in a false chimney attached to the main building, and the rest of the technology is housed in an additional building that perfectly matches the look and feel of the traditional New England inn that has anchored Route 100 since 1825.”Unicel is committed to bringing the most advanced wireless technology to rural areas of Vermont,” said Tom McLaughlin, director for Unicel. “Our new cell site in Waitsfield is a perfect example of Unicel’s priorities, serving the wireless needs of Vermont residents, visitors and businesses.”According to innkeeper Mike Kelley, the new cell site has made a huge difference in the Valley.”As a business owner, it was a real challenge for us to not have cell service for our clients coming here from more urban areas,” said Kelley. “Our guests come here for skiing, for weddings, and for foliage, and they expect to be able to get away and also to stay in touch, but like most B&Bs we don’t have phones in the rooms.””Unicel’s initiative has a lot of support in the Valley, and we’re thrilled to have the boost in wireless coverage in time for foliage season,” added Kelley.Governor Jim Douglas was at the Waitsfield Inn to recognize the importance of continuing to build out Vermont’s wireless infrastructure.”Unicel realizes that Vermont is a great place to invest and to do business, and we’re grateful to the company for continuing its commitment to increase wireless coverage across our beautiful rural state,” said Gov. Douglas.In addition to the new cell site at the Waitsfield Inn, Unicel has turned up cell sites in four other locations across Vermont in the past few months:* Burke* Lincoln* Lyndon* VernonUnicel plans to add as many as 12 more cell sites in Vermont this year.Unicel and Verizon Wireless completed a deal in August for Verizon Wireless to acquire Unicel’s 15-state wireless network, but federal regulators required that certain sections of the company – including all of Vermont – be sold to another wireless carrier for competitive reasons. Until a deal for Verizon to divest itself of Unicel’s Vermont assets is approved by the Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. Department of Justice, Unicel is being run through a management trust in Vermont. Unicel’s operations in Vermont are headed by Tom McLaughlin, who has been with the company and its predecessors since it turned on its first cell site in the Green Mountain State in 1990.last_img read more

Trail Mix: The Moonshine – Portland, Oregon’s Folksters On The Rise

first_imgThe SkinnyI live out in the mountains of Southwest Virginia, where residents share a certain affinity for homemade liquor. White lightnin’. Hillbilly pop. Kickapoo joy juice. The white dog. Call it what you will, but pour mine from a Mason jar that doesn’t have any fancy label, and keep it clear. No apple pie or blueberry shine for me, if you please.Considering my love of corn liquor, you can imagine my interest was piqued when I discovered The Moonshine. I thought to myself, “Well, I just might have something in common with these folks.”  And I do. A love of fine acoustic music.This Portland, Oregon, quintet gets the musical heritage of my Appalachian Mountains. I hear The Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers in their music, but the influence doesn’t end there. There is conscious blending of the old and new here, sort of like moonshine in a martini glass . . . . except this works better.As far as Oregon’s illegal liquor scene goes, in the finest tradition of discretion, I couldn’t get songwriter Michael Gerard to spill much.“I plead the fifth when it comes to the current state of the bootlegging business out here in Oregon. The name means a lot of different things to us,” says Gerard. “We love the DIY idea behind making it yourself if you can’t get it elsewhere, and the idea of taking care of business by cover of night appeals to us, too. We are definitely a band that likes to stay up well past most folks’ idea of late. We’re a bit like the moon that way, too . . . shinin’ high and up all night.For Fans OfThe Head & The Heart, Elephant Revival, Spirit Family ReunionOutside Looking In“We decided to ask The Moonshine to do a long term residency with us because of the reactions the band was getting from the people walking by the shop on the street. There’s not much going on most Monday nights, but service people often have the night off and there are people out and about. The music would start and, over the course of the night, more and more people would wander in, excited to find this gem of a moment going on when they least expected it. These people came back again and again and, as the year progressed, became staples of our community. People who love all sorts of music really connect to the band.”—Stephen Ferruzza, of Portland’s Al Forno Ferruzz, on The MoonshineOn StageA glance through The Moonshine’s tour schedule finds a bevy of dates throughout Oregon. The upcoming show at Edgefield in Troudale, Oregon, on March 17th has me contemplating a trip to the Pacific Northwest. Being a young band, they haven’t had much time to head east yet, but there is something you can do about that. Call your favorite indie record store or radio station and hassle them until they get the band’s new record, And Now . . . , on shelves or on the air.In His Own Words“’Never Know’ started out as a home recording on the same day it was written. Sometimes a song just comes to me fully formed, and this was one of those to some extent. That demo recording is really just this little rhythmic mandolin figure played over a sort of reggae beat that I programmed into my drum machine software. It’s really quite different from what we ended up with in the studio, although I feel like the album version retains some of the strange juxtaposition of pseudo-Cajun melodic content over the clearly pop leanings of the beat and the Beach Boys backing vocals. The song is really an ode to getting out and doing whatever this life moves you to do before it’s too l ate. It’s a bright song of hope wrapped around the dark fact of death. I think that’s what it’s one of my favorites.”—Michael Gerard, of The Moonshine, on “Never Know”On The World Wide WebFor more information on The Moonshine, when the band will take to a stage near you, or how you can get the new record, surf over to read more