Minister of National Security, Hon. Dr. Horace Chang, says the island’s sustainable economic growth is heavily dependent on its safety and security.“To have sustainable economic growth, you have to have the foundation in safety, security and justice, because where there is economic activity, money is being spent, people are getting jobs; but if there is insecurity, it disrupts everything,” he pointed out.Dr. Chang was speaking at the Lay Magistrates Association of Jamaica (LMAJ) Annual General Meeting (AGM) held at the Global Villas Hotel in Esher, Hanover, on Saturday (October 20).The Minister said that JPs are the foundation of the system of justice and must not forget to play their role in promoting peace and order in their communities.“Look at yourselves as senior persons in the community who have a critical role to play in maintaining social stability, order and restoring a sense of balance and peace,” he told them.He said that JPs have a critical part to play in addressing domestic violence in their communities as “you know the persons who are involved for years, so you can counsel them before they hurt each other”.President of the LMAJ’s Hanover chapter, Calvin Brown, for his part, said he was pleased to host the AGM, which was being held in the parish for the first time.The meeting brought together JPs from across Jamaica to be updated on various developments. Story Highlights Minister of National Security, Hon. Dr. Horace Chang, says the island’s sustainable economic growth is heavily dependent on its safety and security. “To have sustainable economic growth, you have to have the foundation in safety, security and justice, because where there is economic activity, money is being spent, people are getting jobs; but if there is insecurity, it disrupts everything,” he pointed out.
RRR release dateHere are some important facts you need to know about Komaram Bheem, who was considered as a hero in the 1900’s. Though Komaram Bheem’s contribution towards the empowerment of the Adivasis is huge, his recognition has been limited to Telugu land and his story must be known by all.Unknown facts about Komaram Bheem:1. Komaram Bheem was born in 1901 to Komaram Chinnu and Som Bai in the forests of Asifabad, Telangana.2. Bheem belongs to Gond Tribals and decided to fight against the oppression of tribal people at a very small age.3. Bheem fought against the Asaf Jahi Dynasty for the freedom of Adivasis.4. Komaram Bheem, who came to know about the ongoing atrocities, launched massive agitations against the Nizam government (Telangana and a few parts that were under Nizam’s control) and started guerrilla warfare against their army.5. Jode Ghat was the center of Komaram Bheem’s activities and Bheem continued his guerrilla war from 1928 to 1940.6. Bheem was greatly inspired by the freedom fighter Alluri Seetha Ramaraju who stood strong against the British during the freedom fight.7. Komaram Bheem is the man behind the birth of the slogan “Jal, Jungle, Zameen” (Water, Forest, Land).8. Komaram Bheem fought against Nizam’s soldiers and breathed his last fighting at Babijhari in the year 1940.9. 72 years after his death, in 2012 Komaram Bheem’s statue was installed at Tank Bund, Hyderabad.10. Puchalapalli Sundariah, the comrade leader of Telangana Rebellion wrote the life history of Komaran Bheem — the tribal hero who dedicated his life for the empowerment of Adivasis. The statue of Komaram BheemInternetKomaram Bheem is still praised as a true hero who dedicated his life for the welfare of the Adivasis. Komaram Bheem will forever remain a leader and icon for his contributions to the age-long Adivasi struggle of ‘Jal Jangal Jameen’.Now that SS Rajamouli has announced a movie with NTR portraying the role of the younger version of Komaram Bheem, it is expected that the life of this fighter will be known to everyone.
Share Gail DelaughterTraffic backs up behind a crash on I-45 headed into downtown Houston.The Texas Transportation Commission is about to approve updates to its ten-year funding plan. That includes $2.5 billion for Texas Clear Lanes, the state’s congestion relief initiative. Transportation Commissioner Bruce Bugg says they want to get ready now for what could come in the future. “Those 27 million some-odd new Texans that will come to the state of Texas over the next 35 years are predominately going to migrate to today’s five major metropolitan areas,” says Bugg. So what’s in the plan for Houston? Projects include work on a major route out of downtown, U.S. 59 through Midtown and the Museum District. Also included is the I-45 interchange at U.S. 59. Other work is planned for the 610 South Loop.TxDOT is using voter-approved statewide propositions to do the work. And Bugg is appealing to lawmakers not to divert that money to deal with the state’s budget challenges. “We know that a robust and predictable revenue stream for road funding is necessary for us to be able to do these projects,” adds Bugg. Now as for when those Houston projects start, TxDOT says it will be another few years.
Physicists first to create new molecule with record-setting dipole moment Molecules with atoms that have unequal numbers of electrons are known as dipoles—different sides can be positively or negatively charged causing interactions with other molecules to come about. Interactions between dipoles is a major area of research because it is part of such important processes as photosynthesis. In plants, dipole interactions aide chromophore couplings—helping to transfer energy from sunlight to other molecules that later convert it to energy. How exactly this process works is still not fully understood, unfortunately, and for that reason, researchers have been trying to capture images of it as it occurs—but until now, have been unsuccessful because light based microscopes can only see images to a certain small size. In this new effort, the researchers used scanning tunneling microscopy to get the job done.To capture the images, the researchers used chromophores that were made using a purple dye and then focused a red light on them to further highlight details. Next, they used the tip of the tunneling device to push some of the chromophores together—as they did so, they noticed that at approximately 3 nanometers apart, the light given off by the chromophores began to change; imagery of that change showed the process of dipole-dipole interactions taking place.But, that was not the end of the story, in recent years some scientists have begun to suspect that entanglement occurs during dipole-dipole interactions. As part of their experiments, the researchers varied the numbers of chromophores involved in the coupling, trying clusters up to four in size. In so doing they found that the way that the light changed between them, might be an indication of entanglement. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Nature (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the University of Science and Technology in China has for the first time, imaged dipole-dipole interactions using scanning tunneling microscopy. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the team describes how they captured the imagery and why they believe they may have also captured an instance of entanglement of chromophores. Guillaume Schull with Institutde Physique et Chimie des Matériaux de Strasbourg outlines the work done by the team in a News & Views article published in the same journal issue and explains in more detail the importance of better understanding the interactions of dipoles in biological processes. Explore further © 2016 Phys.org Citation: Dipole-dipole interactions imaged at sub-molecular resolution for first time (2016, March 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-03-dipole-dipole-interactions-imaged-sub-molecular-resolution.html STM image showing isolated single ZnPc molecules adsorbed on either a three-monolayer NaCl island or bare Ag(100) (image size: 34 nm × 25 nm; scanning parameters: −1.7 V, 2 pA). Credit: (c) Nature (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nature17428 (Left) Artistic rendering of the experimental scheme (Right) The spatial distribution of the excitonic coupling of zinc-phthalocyanine dimers in real space mapped by STM-based electroluminescence at sub-nanometer resolution. Credit: Image on left provided by WANG Guoyan and SUN Daping, Image on right provided by DONG Zhenchao’s group More information: Yang Zhang et al. Visualizing coherent intermolecular dipole–dipole coupling in real space, Nature (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nature17428AbstractMany important energy-transfer and optical processes, in both biological and artificial systems, depend crucially on excitonic coupling that spans several chromophores. Such coupling can in principle be described in a straightforward manner by considering the coherent intermolecular dipole–dipole interactions involved. However, in practice, it is challenging to directly observe in real space the coherent dipole coupling and the related exciton delocalizations, owing to the diffraction limit in conventional optics. Here we demonstrate that the highly localized excitations that are produced by electrons tunnelling from the tip of a scanning tunnelling microscope, in conjunction with imaging of the resultant luminescence, can be used to map the spatial distribution of the excitonic coupling in well-defined arrangements of a few zinc-phthalocyanine molecules. The luminescence patterns obtained for excitons in a dimer, which are recorded for different energy states and found to resemble σ and π molecular orbitals, reveal the local optical response of the system and the dependence of the local optical response on the relative orientation and phase of the transition dipoles of the individual molecules in the dimer. We generate an in-line arrangement up to four zinc-phthalocyanine molecules, with a larger total transition dipole, and show that this results in enhanced ‘single-molecule’ superradiance from the oligomer upon site-selective excitation. These findings demonstrate that our experimental approach provides detailed spatial information about coherent dipole–dipole coupling in molecular systems, which should enable a greater understanding and rational engineering of light-harvesting structures and quantum light sources.