New pudge principle: A few extra pounds won’t kill you

first_imgCHICAGO – Being 25 pounds overweight doesn’t appear to raise your risk of dying from cancer or heart disease, says a new government study that seems to vindicate Grandma’s claim that a few extra pounds won’t kill you. Released just a few weeks before Thanksgiving, the findings might comfort some who can’t seem to lose those last 15 pounds. And they hearten proponents of a theory that it’s possible to be “fit and fat.” The news isn’t all good: Overweight people do have a higher chance of dying from diabetes and kidney disease. And people who are obese – generally those more than 30 pounds overweight for their height – have a higher risk of death from a variety of ills, including some cancers and heart disease. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREStriving toward a more perfect me: Doug McIntyre However, having a little extra weight actually seemed to help people survive some illnesses – results that baffled several leading health researchers. “This is a very puzzling disconnect,” said Dr. JoAnn Manson, chief of preventive medicine at Harvard’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital. “That is a conundrum.” It was the second study by the same government scientists who two years ago first suggested that deaths from being too fat were overstated. The new report further analyzed the same data, this time looking at specific causes of death along with new mortality figures from 2004 for 2.3million U.S. adults. “Excess weight does not uniformly increase the risk of mortality from any and every cause, but only from certain causes,” said the study’s lead author, Katherine Flegal of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study, which appears in today’s Journal of the American Medical Association, analyzed the body-mass index of people who died from various diseases. In many cases, the risks of death were substantial for obese people – those with a body-mass index, or BMI, of at least 30. Specifically, obesity raised the risk of death from heart disease, diabetes and kidney disease, and several cancers previously linked with excess weight, including breast, colon and pancreatic cancer. But being merely overweight – having a BMI between 25 and 30 – did not increase the risk of dying from heart disease or any kind of cancer. Also surprising was that overweight people were up to about 40percent less likely than normal-weight people to die from several other causes – including emphysema, pneumonia, injuries and various infections. The age group that seemed to benefit most from a little extra padding were people ages 25 to 59; older overweight people had reduced risks for these diseases, too. Why extra fat isn’t always deadly and might even help people survive some illnesses is unclear and in fact disputed by many health experts. But University of South Carolina obesity researcher Steven Blair, who says people can be fat and fit, is a believer. He called the report a careful and plausible analysis, and said Americans have been whipped into a “near hysteria” by hype over the nation’s obesity epidemic. While the epidemic is real, the number of deaths attributed to it and to being overweight has been exaggerated, Blair said. People should focus instead on healthful eating and exercise, and stop obsessing about carrying a few extra pounds or becoming supermodel thin, Blair said. He says his hefty grandmother used to justify her extra padding, saying, “`That way I have protection in case I get sick.’ Maybe there is something to that.” A little extra weight might provide “additional nutritional reserves” that could help people battle certain diseases, Flegal said. Dr. Robert Eckel, a spokesman for the American Heart Association, argued that the results could be misleading. For example, diabetes and heart disease often occur together and both often afflict overweight people. So when diabetes is listed as a cause of death, heart disease could have contributed, he said. Eckel also said the study results might reflect aggressive efforts to treat high blood pressure and cholesterol or other conditions that can lead to fatal heart attacks. Those conditions often occur in overweight people and can be costly and debilitating even if they aren’t always deadly, he said. Obesity researcher Barry Popkin of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill agreed, noting that the study “is about death. This is not about health and sickness.” It doesn’t address whether cancer and heart disease occur more often in overweight people – something that has been suggested by other research. Dr. Michael Thun of the American Cancer Society noted that staying slim tops a recent list of recommendations for preventing cancer in a report from the World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. The report was based on a review of more than 7,000 studies. The CDC report “definitely won’t be the last word,” Thun said. Manson, the Harvard researcher, cautioned that extra pounds can lead to obesity so people shouldn’t be complacent about being overweight. Laurie Slocum, who went from a size 20 to a size 12 after joining Weight Watchers two years ago, says the study won’t turn her into a slacker. A 47-year-old banker from Durand, Ill., she lost more than 60 pounds and still has a few to go. Thanks to dieting and exercise, her blood pressure has dropped from “the stroke zone” to normal. She said she feels too good now to use the new findings as an excuse to indulge. “It’s not going to change anything I’m doing,” Slocum said. “The number on the scale isn’t my goal … it’s a healthy lifestyle.”160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img

Proposed road named E-220

first_img One segment of the highway would run along Avenue P-8 from the Antelope Valley Freeway to 50th Street East. State Transportation Department officials estimate right-of-way land purchases to cost about $66 million for that segment. Palmdale officials view that segment as a gateway for the Palmdale Regional Airport. Easy access would make the airport more attractive for passengers and airlines. Jim Skeen, (661) 267-5743 [email protected] 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! VICTORVILLE – A proposed highway linking the Antelope and Apple valleys has a name, E-220, and status as a high priority in the nation’s freeway network, according to project proponents. High Desert Corridor Coalition’s co-chairman, San Bernardino County Supervisor Bill Postmus and state Sen. George Runner, R-Lancaster, said the inclusion of E-220 on the high national priority list puts the project in a better position to pull in federal funding. “When it comes time for federal dollars, it will be higher up on the list,” Runner said. The proposed highway would stretch nearly 50 miles, running from the Antelope Valley Freeway to Interstate 15. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority has a rough estimate of $1.4 billion for the highway’s construction. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week The project would accommodate a three- to six-fold increase in traffic between the two valleys, according to the MTA. Postmus credited Rep. Howard “Buck” McKeon, R-Santa Clarita, and Rep. Jerry Lewis, R-Redlands, for helping get the project on the national priorities list. “When the coalition started five years ago, this proposal wasn’t on anyone’s agenda,” Postmus said. “It shows how powerful the High Desert can be when we work together.” It will be at least a decade before any construction begins. About $10 million in federal funding has been secured for environmental studies, Runner said. “The first thing to do is get the environmental studies done,” Runner said. “That has to be done before you acquire right-of-way. You have to have right-of-way before you can build roads.” last_img read more