Stages of design

first_imgYou are hiking in the Julian Alps of northwestern Slovenia. Suddenly bad weather closes in. Blinding snow, high winds, frigid temperatures, even the risk of avalanche. You need shelter. What might it look like?Students at the Graduate School of Design (GSD) confronted that problem in the fall in a studio course called “Housing in Extreme Environments.” They imagined, drew, and created models of a variety of structures. The design parameters for the alpine shelters: house up to eight people, use little energy, and be light enough to be set in place by helicopter.The models are now featured on the Experiments Wall in Gund Hall. When you see the exhibit, be sure to pull out the drawers underneath to get a sense of how design problems unfold from math to drawing sets to models. “We wanted to show the depth of research, and how it manifests itself in different media,” said Dan Borelli, GSD’s director of exhibitions. The winning design looks like a robust succession of compact A-frames capable of withstanding the irregular stresses — “loadings” — imposed by high winds and heavy snow.The “Extreme Environments” exhibit, which represents emerging pedagogy, was launched in a mid-February lecture and closes March 22. It’s curated by the studio’s instructors: Slovenian architecture partners Spela Videcnik, the John T. Dunlop Design Critic in Housing and Urban Development this year, and Rok Oman, a GSD lecturer in architecture.The exhibit is one of three continuing this month on the first floor of GSD’s main building. The others also illustrate common GSD exhibit themes: proposed research and a single design concept.The exhibit on proposed research, “Icons of Knowledge,” is in the Loeb Library space. It explores the intriguing design and symbolic commonalities among national libraries worldwide.In addition, Noam Dvir (MAUD ’14) and Daniel Rauchwerger (M.Des. ’15) will present “Icons of Knowledge: Architecture and Symbolism in National Libraries”, the exhibition they curated at Loeb Library this month. Images from the “Icons of Knowledge” exhibition courtesy of Harvard Graduate School of DesignIn Gund Hall’s main exhibition space, “Dualisms: Abalos + Sentkiewicz” — closing March 8 — is based on thermodynamic design, a concept that focuses on the heat effects of materials and sites; on temperature control, including passive systems; and on the energy used to both build and maintain a structure. Among architects, it complements the concept of sustainable design, where the focus is on renewable materials. “Dualisms” introduces three professional projects — one built, one not built, and one in process. They are from the firm of Inaki Abalos, a professor in residence and the chair of the department of architecture, and GSD Design Critic Renata Sentkiewicz.Conceptual and working drawings — layered and colorful — dominate the exhibit. “If you want to get these kinds of structures built,” said Borelli, “you have to draw — draw them very thoroughly.”The presentation includes table models, a staple of architectural conceptualizing. One shows China’s Zhuhai Huafa Contemporary Art Museum, complete with a courtyard sheltered by tall artificial trees that resemble giant, spreading, silvery ferns.To the casual viewer, the exhibits may seem to clash. But GSD exhibits are always expressions of collaboration, experiment, and faculty-student interplay, said Borelli. “We think very carefully about these juxtapositions.”“Icons of Knowledge” captures another dynamic often found behind GSD exhibits: the evolution of a project through tiers of engagement. Project curators Noam Dvir, M.A.U.D. ’14, and Daniel V. Rauchwerger, M.Des. ’15 — both from Tel Aviv and both former journalists — first explored the idea in a piece in Harvard Design Magazine. It grew into an independent project, and then into the exhibit, which will soon have a second life as a traveling exhibit. (The Loeb show closes March 22.)“This is a continuation of our life in school,” said Dvir, who has partnered with Rauchwerger to form the architecture, media, and design practice We Are Young Architects. The exhibit is also a way to exercise a goal of their practice, he said: to mix media and architecture.The effort began with a database of the world’s national libraries, including grand structures from the 17th century, 21st-century designs, and sheds in sub-Saharan Africa. Among the more established national libraries, the collaborators “found a form that persists” across culture, time, and geography, said Dvir: a rectangular central reading room “where knowledge is both collected and created.”From the center outward, other conventions often emerge. In the exhibit — comprised of models, along with a 36-foot mural with 40 drawings — the national libraries of Greece, Bulgaria, Brazil, and Australia, for instance, all use the same style of both portico and entrance.Meanwhile, library exteriors represent national aspirations in a variety of culturally determined styles. In Saudi Arabia, the façade of the national library is veil-like. In Kosovo, the library is topped with 99 domes, and has no front or back — “a radical design,” said Rauchwerger. But inside, the typical central plan persists.National libraries are still being built at a rapid pace despite the emerging hegemony of the digital age. They remain chiefly expressions of cultural identities. But at the same time, said Dvir, they represent “an extremely interesting case study of the way that architecture is global.”last_img read more

Industry 4.0 Meets AI

first_imgToday, we’re at a fascinating inflection point. Industry 4.0—a long-used term in manufacturing—is now more mainstream, due to the availability of affordable IoT infrastructure, the desire to gain new business insights from data, plus the arrival of 5G (read more on our 5G perspective).Next technology waveWhile it’s still early days, we see artificial intelligence (AI) as the next big technology wave, delivering new insights for the physical world. While the internet of things (IoT) is providing us deeper insights into individual processes, AI looks at the aggregate, delivering a holistic 360 view of the business. Together, you get the total picture.Investing in AIAt Dell Technologies, we’re continuously blown away by the advancements in AI from innovative companies like Noodle.ai, Edico Genome, FogHorn Systems, Graphcore, Moogsoft, Zingbox, and Immuta (start-ups that we’re proud to support through our financial capital division).And we’re also leveraging AI in our own business functions. For example, to combat unconscious bias in our recruitment process, we work with companies like Textio, who use an intelligent text editor to avoid gendered phrasing in job descriptions, while Mya Systems has developed an intelligent chatbot to “interview” and evaluate job candidates, using objective, performance-based questions.Powering AI applicationsSo, how do our OEM & IoT Solutions advance AI? Simple. All these intelligent applications—designed largely by OEM-type companies—are generating new requirements to manage scale and latency, for example, compute power, storage, software-defined networking and virtualization. As a result, the industry will need to completely redesign the entire end-to-end infrastructure.As the essential infrastructure company, we’re already providing the IT infrastructure to power AI workloads–the rocket fuel you might say. Last year, we expanded our server and workstation portfolio to accelerate AI-driven workloads as well as deepening our relationship with Intel to advance AI community innovation. Meanwhile, we offer our Ready Solutions for AI including two design options: Deep Learning with NVIDIA and Machine Learning with Hadoop. Both include pre-validated hardware/software stacks that can be rapidly implemented to accelerate AI.Computer vision and machine intelligence working togetherI see AI enhancing existing best practices in industrial automation. Of course, vision-based quality control systems have been used in manufacturing for some time but AI advancements and falling costs of acceleration hardware—like GPUs and FPGAs—are making computer-vision-based insights more accessible.Take the existing inspection cameras on a manufacturing conveyor belt. The output of those vision-based analytics becomes even richer when combined with additional data. For example, consider the telemetry generated by PLCs and sensors located on the machines that manufacture the inspected parts. By combining and analyzing this rich mix of data, the production, quality and maintenance teams gain fresh and more detailed insights about their overall operations. Now, that’s Industrial Intelligence!From car manufacturing to mining operationsA picture paints a thousand words so let’s look at some customer examples. We’re proud to work with Hadoop, an Italian industrial automation company, specializing in automated manufacturing systems. Comau has digitized the door assembly line for Maserati Levante. A digital dashboard identifies potential bottlenecks or breakdowns. If issues arise, the customer can print the necessary spare part – directly onsite – using a 3D printer mounted on a Comau robot NJ 60. The solution, developed in partnership with Autodesk and Continuous Composites, and powered by our technology shows how companies can produce strong, lightweight factory-ready parts on demand. For Maserati, this level of predictive intelligence delivers higher productivity and lower costs.In the engineering world, we’re working with The Weir Group to help transform its global business model and roll out predictive maintenance as a service. More on that partnership shortly from my colleague Dermot O’Connell. And Noodle.ai is improving how the world makes and moves things—for factory floors, trucking fleets, distribution centers, and retail stores. The company helped Big River Steel, save energy, improve product quality, and identify new areas for revenue growth.From autonomous driving to deep-sea explorationZenuity is breaking new ground in world-class driver assistance and autonomous-driving technologies. When the company needed to analyze data from cars, tested in a wide variety of environments across the globe, we provided an HPC and storage environment to handle large-scale data loads, reduce technology troubleshooting time, and accelerate time-to-market.In the marine world, the Arggonauts from the Fraunhofer IOSB in Karlsruhe are using mobile robotics to revolutionize deep-sea exploration. Using our customized workstation technology, the team controls remote-operated vehicles and captures subsea data camera images. An HPC Datacenter compute renders the images and translates data into maps while AI is used to quickly classify images from the unstructured data (read the full story here).Protecting endangered speciesOn the opposite end of the scale, one of our analytics partners, SAS®, is collaborating with the non‐profit Wild Track to monitor and protect endangered species like cheetahs and leopards. With the help of SAS® technology—powered by Dell PowerEdge server infrastructure—WildTrack is collecting footprint images and analyzing them with a customized statistical model to gain new insights and help protect these animals from extinction.Just think of the huge range of societal and business challenges these AI solutions are addressing: better manufacturing quality, increased uptime, improved knowledge of our world, reduced energy consumption and the conservation of endangered species.Looking aheadA massive load of sensors is coming online. And, thanks to 4K video cameras, we’re already seeing the enormous amount of high-resolution data from the physical world yield new analytics-driven outcomes. As we couple this with 5G technology, we’ll have access to an entirely new range of real-time services and enhanced experiences.However, even with 5G’s high bandwidth and low latency capabilities, the connectivity, cost, security and uptime requirements will drive an increasing amount of edge computing. This is especially true for critical operations that must avoid exposing their processes directly to the cloud. Today, training AI models for edge analytics typically happens in centralized data centers before these models are pushed to the edge for real-time inferencing on data streams. Over time, I expect to see more of this model training happening closer to the edge.Adapt as your business needs evolveToday, we’re merely scratching the surface of the potential for AI and IoT. So, it’s critical to have consistent, flexible infrastructure that enables you to adapt as your business needs evolve. Dell Technologies offers a differentiated portfolio that is delivering hardware and software solutions that play at every level of AI and IoT implementation, from the edge, to the core, to the cloud. We can deliver all the necessary assets, including scalable, secure, manageable and open infrastructure architecture, IoT and big data expertise, the ability to customize through our OEM division, the right partners plus a sophisticated global support and supply chain.I’m excited about the potential for AI to help solve big societal and business challenges. I certainly believe that it will enhance and support our human efforts—not replace them.What are your thoughts on Industrial Intelligence? I’m curious to hear your comments and questions. If you’re attending Hannover Messe, please stop by to say hi to our team from Dell Technologies and VMware plus partners from IOTech, SAS, Bormann, Teamviewer, ActionPoint,Tridium and Alleantia. We’ll be at Hall 6, Booth C40, April 1-5.You can experience our amazing, interactive demo to learn how Dell Technologies infrastructure can help you harness the power of IoT and AI in your operations at scale.Learn more about Next Generation OEM & IoT Solutions from Dell Technologies Join our LinkedIn OEM & IoT Solutions Showcase pageFollow us on Twitter @dellemcoem and follow Bryan @BryanEJoneslast_img read more

Jamaica Planning for the Reopening of Tourism Industry

first_imgIn 2018, Jamaica welcomed over 4 million visitors, generated over USD $3 billion in revenue and contributed to 11% of the island’s gross domestic product (GDP). In 2019, earnings were estimated at USD 3.7 billion as a result of new accommodations, like the AC Hotel and Ocean Coral Spring Hotel, being open. Already faced with billions of dollars in losses as a result of COVID-19, Jamaica’s tourism ministry has begun planning the reopening of its industry in order to help save the county’s economy. Like many ministers of the Jamaican government, Tourism Minister, Edmund Bartlett has accepted that the coronavirus (COVID-19) may very well be around for months to come, and thus, the focus has shifted to the reopening of the economy, safely. Prior to COVID-19, the ministry had projected that Jamaica would earn over USD $4.4 billion this year. In recent years, Jamaica’s tourism industry has seen significant annual growth and was on track to become “the fastest-growing sector in Jamaica”, according to Bartlett. Minister Bartlett, however, said that he believes the tourism industry could begin to recover as early as September. But even if tourist travel does return to normal then, the damage has already been done. The cancellation of major events like Reggae Sumfest, which recorded over JMD $1 billion in earnings last year, has already put a damper on travel to the island for the remainder of the year. Local economists have predicted that tourism revenue could fall short of up to USD $3 billion because of COVID-19. Minister Bartlett said the protocol for the reopening of the industry is almost completed and will be rolled out shortly. “We have always thought that travel and tourism could be affected but never halted, and now we have come face to face with that reality,” Bartlett said. “It entails a whole range of responses that the workers of the industry will have to make and also quite a bit of infrastructure adjustment that the hotels will have to make, as well as the transportation subsector,” Mr. Bartlett said. The shutdown of many of the island’s hotels and tourist attractions have crippled the industry. In April, the minister revealed that of the 160,000 people that work in Jamaica’s tourism industry, 120,000 of those workers had already been laid off. The remaining 40,000 people were only working for a few days a week, for a fraction of their normal pay.center_img Other focus areas, he said, include “certification requirements for guests coming in at the airports… the use of beaches, swimming pools and things like that”. “It will also involve some changes at the airports and the seaports. So, it’s a pretty comprehensive set of protocols covering all points of entry, as well as the experience of the visitor within the destination,” he added. And while the minister remains hopeful for a speedy recovery, the fact remains that Jamaica will not see a tourism recovery until the United States and the United Kingdom return to normalcy. Bartlett said that COVID-19 was the improbable event that no one could have predicted. Jamaica’s minister of tourism, Ed Bartlett Although the Minister has already began establishing the reopening protocol, the tourism industry will not see a reopening for weeks. Many Jamaican hotels are still being used as quarantine facilities for locals and also house Jamaican nationals that are expected to return to the island under the controlled re-entry program. He revealed that when he went to the airport in March, prior to the island closing its borders, and saw that there were zero arrivals, “it was a shock of the recognition that COVID-19 had in fact arrived and affected travel tourism in a very profound way”.last_img read more

Canberras newest judge Justice Chrissa LoukasKarlsson

first_img Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram Canberra has welcomed a new judge on board, swearing in Chrissa Loukas-Karlsson on Monday at a ceremonial sitting in the ACT Supreme Court.Addressing those gathered, the Greek Australian acknowledged the females judges before her as “magnificent role models”, and the lawyers who supported her throughout her career to get to this point.Proud to be joining a court with such an “impressive reputation”, she said that she looks forward to her role in the ACT, “this most educated, progressive and civilised of places”, where she has appeared as counsel in the High Court of Australia.Born to first generation Greek immigrants, Loukas-Karlsson pursued her studies in Queensland and in NSW, and started her career with the Aboriginal Legal Service and the Legal Aid Commission.According to her peers, she has been showing promise since day one. In 1990, her first year as a barrister, she took part in a debate at the University and Schools Club against Malcolm Turnbull, and won.Photo: The RiotACT“In this early test of your advocacy skills you demonstrated the talents which have served you well throughout your career,” said ACT Attorney-General Gordon Ramsay, and went on to praise her reputation for professionalism, patience, courtesy and integrity.Meanwhile President of the ACT Bar Association, Ken Archer had only high praise for Justice Loukas-Karlsson, whose career he said has been characterised by a commitment to championing the role of women in law, social justice, and “undying faith in the idea of equality before the law and preparedness to take on the hardest cases and argue the cause of the most vulnerable”.Present at the ceremony were her mother and father, her son, and husband Robert with whom she said she shared the honour of becoming a judge.To close her address, Justice Loukas-Karlsson drew from the classical Greek philosopher Socrates.“Socrates stated some two-and-a-half thousand years ago that the essential qualities of a judge are to listen courteously, answer wisely, consider soberly and decide impartially,” she said.“That statement stands true today, and therefore the time for me to speak is over, and it is now time for me to listen.”last_img read more